Concept list Backstrom 1992 210a

This list was compiled for a sociolinguistic survey of language use in Pakistan. The list of 210 items is supposed to represent a standardized list used to investigate all languages in the field work survey. However, as can be seen when comparing the official list of 210 items with the concept labels given in the concrete surveys on specific language families, as the list of Balti dialects, it becomes obvious that not only some items are missing, but also that certain meanings have been modified, probably in order to make sure that enough words could be elicited. Although all glosses for «verbal meanings» are highly complex, we link them all to the basic concept sets, since from the survey it is clear that the authors adjusted them in order to elicite those verbal forms which represent the root of a given concept most consistently.

Id English English gloss Concept set