Concept list Liu 2007 201

This list is based on the 200 item list of Swadesh (1952). The reason why it contains 201 items is that the word for ""RIVER"" occurs twice, reflecting the two opposed terms and jiāng. Since these are merely regional terms both existing only in the cultural context of China, we link them to the same concept set. Nevertheless, the list still contains 201 items, as the item ""count"" in the data is listed both as a noun and a verb, with the noun then translating as ""number"". In Chinese dialects, the words for number and count are essentially the same, but they often show a difference in tone.

Id English Chinese English gloss Concept set