Concept list Swadesh 1960 100b

According to the source, this list was proposed by Swadesh as a diagnostic test list that could supplement the list of 100 items in case researchers would face difficulties in identifying all translational equivalents for the 100 item list. Unfortunately, the only source which we could find for this list, Hymes (1960), presents the concept glosses in an abbreviated form which does not allow us to distinguish whether we are dealing with verbal or nominal meanings. As a confusing result of this, the concept "rain" occurs twice, both in this stable list of 100 items (item 76) and in this supplementary list (item 121).

Id English English gloss Concept set