This list was created for the purpose of investigating directional aspects of semantic change patterns by investigating patterns of colexification an overt marking in a large sample of languages. The concept list itself is inspired by the list of the Intercontinental Dictionary Series and the list of the World Loanword Database, but contains additional items which cannot be found on either of the two concept lists. The compiler lists findings regarding directed patterns of semantic change by providing source and target concept as well as the number of colexifications and the number of overtly marked cases. These patterns (a total of 47) are provided in the column
SEMANTIC CHANGE, where we list the number of the pattern in the source in square brackets, the source and the target concept, and the number of colexifications and overtly marked cases in normal brackets.