Concept list Bowern 2011 204

This concept list consists of 204 concepts, 164 of which derive from Swadesh's Swadesh 1952 200 and Swadesh 1955 100. Items marked with an asterisk and a dollar sign appear in the 100-item and 200-item lists, respectively. The reasons for the exclusion of concepts were both pragmatic (absence of concepts in the languages under investigation), and theoretical (ambiguity in the target languages).

Id English Concept set