Concept list Johansson 2020 344

The given 344-item concept list underlies the analysis of sound symbolic patterns across 245 language families. The supposedly stable and universal items of the concept list include the 56 oppositional concepts from Johansson (2017), 64 kinship terms two steps from the ego with relative age distinctions, and a combination of classical basic vocabulary lists, such as Swadesh’s list of 100 items, the Leipzig-Jakarta list (Haspelmath & Tadmor 2009), and a list by Goddard and Wierzbicka’s (2002). The information on the 59 concepts, favoring sound symbolism, is taken from Appendix 1 and added to the column called SOUND_SYMBOLIC, where «1» indicates the concepts with sound-meaning associations whereas «0» means the lack thereof.

Id English Concept set